Al-Shabab Terrorists claims Kenya bus passenger killings

Aljazeera

“Somali terrorist group says 28 non-Muslim passengers shot on board bus in Mandera in revenge for police raids on Mombasa mosques”.

Al-Shabab fighters from Somalia hijacked a bus in Kenya’s north and killed 28 non-Muslims on board after they had been singled out from the rest of the passengers, police officials said.

Two police officers said that the bus travelling to the capital Nairobi with 60 passengers was hijacked 50km from the town of Mandera near Kenya’s border with Somalia.

The officers insisted on anonymity out of fear of reprisals because of an order from Kenya’s police chief that officers should not speak to the media.

Al-Shabab claimed responsibility for the dawn bus attack in a statement on Saturday, saying the attack was revenge for raids carried out by Kenyan security forces on mosques in the coastal city of Mombasa. Kenyan police said they found explosives and arrested more than 150 people in the mosque raids

“By the grace of Allah, the Mujahideen successfully carried out an operation near Mandera early this morning, which resulted in the perishing of 28 crusaders, as a revenge for the crimes committed by the Kenyan crusaders against our Muslim brethren in Mombasa,” Sheikh Ali Mohamud Rage, a spokesman for the group, said in the statement.

The interior ministry confirmed Saturday’s attack, saying via its official Twitter handle: “Security agencies are in pursuit of the criminal gang. We’ll give a comprehensive update once preliminary reports are out.”

Police said that the attackers, who were heavily-armed, fled towards the border between Kenya and Somalia, adding that a security team has been deployed to the area to capture the attackers.

A reporter for Kenya’s Standard newspaper told Al Jazeera the attack happened at 5:45am local time.

Quoting Mandera County Commissioner, journalist Boniface Mungeri said the attack was carried out by “about 100 gunmen who commandeered” the bus and forced the passengers out.

Passengers separated

Mungeri said the passengers were separated into groups according to their religion. Non-Muslims, the reporter said, were executed and Muslims were freed. The assailants attempted to take the bus but it got stuck in mud on the unpaved road.

Among those killed were two security officers and teachers who were travelling to their home towns on holiday, said the reporter.

Mandera County Governor Ali Ibrahim Roba said on Twitter: “The inhumane butchering of innocent Kenyans by terrorist must get [a] very firm response from our national security team.”

Kenyan authorities have blamed the Somali armed group al-Shabab for a wave of deadly attacks across the East African nation. Kenya sent troops to Somalia in 2011 after raids on its coastal towns blamed on al-Shabab and has since seen a surge in lethal attacks.

Al-Shabab has also been blamed for the September 2013 attack on the Westgate shopping mall in Nairobi, which killed 77 people.

Somali government troops backed by AU forces are making progress in capturing the remaining al-Shabab strongholds, but the group has continued to carry out attacks in Somalia and the East Africa region.

Recently, they captured the port town of Barawe.

Al-Shabab was also dealt a heavy blow following the death of their leader, Ahmed Abdi Godane, who was killed in early September in a US airstrike.

Godane has been replaced by Ahmed Omar, also known as Abu Ubeid.

The Day Terrorist Shook our Mandera County

Suspected Al Shabaab terrorists on Saturday morning killed at least 28 people on a bus in Arabiya area, Mandera County.

The heavily armed militias are reported to have waylaid Nairobi bound bus, which left the incursion prone Mandera town early in the morning between Mandera and Arabia.

Confirming the incident, Mandera East sub-county commissioner Elvis Korir said “I can confirm to you that there was unfortunate incident this morning where about 27 innocent travelers were killed by unknown militia,”

He added “We are now in the preparation of sending security reinforcement, medical staffs and ambulance to retrieve and transport the bodies of the deceased to Mandera town. Military are already there to pursue the heartless killers.”

According to Korir, the assailants stopped the bus, veered off from the main road before separating passengers and targeting those they perceived to be non-Muslim.

“There are unconfirmed reports indicating all those killed were commuters perceived to be non- Muslim by the attackers who were separated from the rest. But we treat this as speculations until our officers who are on the ground verify the assertions,” he added while speaking on phone.

The attacks come barely two days after government security officials in the coastal city of Mombasa closed two mosques after allegedly found hosting radicalised Muslim youth and cache of firearms among them hand grenades.

Towns in North-East region (Mandera, Wajir and Garissa) has bore the brunt of the revenge attacks by the Somali based Al-Qaeda inspired Islamist, who repeatedly declared deadly attacks in Kenya that will turn rivers into running human bloods and tall buildings into debris of destruction.

Arabia ward member of the County assembly (MCA) Abdullahi Abdirahman who spoke to Standard Digital on phone said the attacks happened 15 kilometers from Arabia town at about 5 am local time, and blamed the national government for the beastly killing of innocent commuters.

He accused the government of not taking their repeated calls to establish a strong military presence in Arabia to thwart recurrent attacks from suspected Islamist militia, who frequently ambushed vehicles using Mandera-Arabia road and killing, maiming and looting people at will.

“We have had more than 15 militia attacks that has led to death and maiming of travelers in this road for the last one year alone. We have pleaded with the government to provide security, but they have turned deaf ears and here today we are experiencing avoidable massacre,” he lamented.

On Wednesday night, two civilians were injured after unknown armed criminals lobbed hand grenades and gun fire at group of people who were walking on the street in Wajir town.

Taipan Announces Increase in Prospective presence of hydrocarbons in Elwak (Mandera South)

Source:Marketwire

Taipan Resources Inc. (“Taipan” or the “Company”) (TSX VENTURE:TPN)(OTCQX:TAIPF) is pleased to announce that an independent assessment of the Company’s prospective resources on Block 1, northern Kenya has been completed by RPS Energy in the United Kingdom (“RPS”). The independent assessment was carried out in accordance with the standards established by the Canadian Securities Administrators in National Instrument 51-101 Standards of Disclosure for Oil and Gas Activities. The effective date of the report is October 15, 2014.
The total gross aggregate mean prospective resources on Block 1 in the report are estimated at 1,303 MMbbls 1 oil (260 MMbbls Taipan working interest).
The largest identified feature is the El Wak lead with gross mean prospective resources of 728 MMbbls 1 (146 MMbbls Taipan working interest). The high estimate of prospective resources for El Wak is 1,911 MMbbls 1 (382 MMbbls net to Taipan).
The El Wak lead is a four-way dip closed structure at surface overlying 1200 sq km of gravity high. A 290 km 2D seismic shoot, estimated to cost around $2m net to Taipan, is planned over the prospect before the end of the year.
Taipan holds a 20% working interest in Block 1 (5.497 million acres / 22,246 sq km) which is operated by East Africa Exploration (Kenya) Ltd, a subsidiary of Afren Plc.
Afren has a two well commitment in the current exploration period in Block 1.
Commented Paul Logan, Exploration Manager for Taipan “Due to the size of the structure and the presence of hydrocarbons in the area, indicated by an oil seep to the west at Tarbaj Hill, El Wak should prove to be an intriguing and attractive target to drill”.
Geological Probability of Success (“GPoS”) of Aggregated Volume for any Hydrocarbon type = 27%
About Taipan Resources Inc.
Taipan Resources Inc. (TSX VENTURE:TPN)(OTCQX:TAIPF) is an independent, Africa-focused oil exploration company with interests in Block 1 and Block 2B onshore Kenya through its wholly owned subsidiary Lion Petroleum Corp.
Taipan operates and holds a 30% working interest in Block 2B (1.35 million acres / 5,464 sq km) and a 20% working interest in Block 1 (5.497 million acres / 22,246 sq km) which is operated by East Africa Exploration (Kenya) Ltd, a subsidiary of Afren plc.
The independent assessment was carried out in accordance with the standards established by the Canadian Securities Administrators in National Instrument 51-101 Standards of Disclosure for Oil and Gas Activities. The effective date of the report is July 31, 2014.
This document must be considered in its entirety. It reflects RPS’s informed professional judgment based on accepted standards of professional investigation and, as applicable, the data and information provided by the Client and/or obtained from other sources e.g. public domain, the limited scope of engagement, and the time permitted to conduct the evaluation.
In line with those accepted standards, this document does not in any way constitute or make a guarantee or prediction of results, and no warranty is implied or expressed that actual outcome will conform to the outcomes presented herein. RPS has not independently verified any information provided by or at the direction of the Client and/or obtained from other sources e.g. public domain, and has accepted the accuracy and completeness of these data. RPS has no reason to believe that any material facts have been withheld from it, but does not warrant that its inquiries have revealed all of the matters that a more extensive examination might otherwise disclose.
The opinions expressed herein are subject to and fully qualified by the generally accepted uncertainties associated with the interpretation of geoscience and engineering data and do not reflect the totality of circumstances, scenarios and information that could potentially affect decisions made by the report’s recipients and/or actual results. The opinions and statements contained in this report are made in good faith and in the belief that such opinions and statements are representative of prevailing physical and economic circumstances.
There are numerous uncertainties inherent in estimating reserves and resources, and in projecting future production, development expenditures, operating expenses and cash flows. Oil and gas reserve engineering and resource assessment must be recognized as a subjective process of estimating subsurface accumulations of oil and gas that cannot be measured in an exact way. Estimates of oil and gas reserves or resources prepared by other parties may differ, perhaps materially, from those contained within this report. The accuracy of any reserve estimate is a function of the quality of the available data and of engineering and geological interpretation. Results of drilling, testing and production that post-date the preparation of the estimates may justify revisions, some or all of which may be material. Accordingly, reserve estimates are often different from the quantities of oil and gas that are ultimately recovered, and the timing and cost of those volumes that are recovered may vary from that assumed.
This assessment has been conducted within the context of RPS’s understanding of the effects of petroleum legislation and other regulations that currently apply to these properties. However, RPS is not in a position to attest to property title or rights, conditions of these rights including environmental and abandonment obligations, and any necessary licenses and consents including planning permission, financial interest relationships or encumbrances thereon for any part of the appraised properties.
In carrying out this study, RPS is not aware that any conflict of interest has existed. As an independent consultancy, RPS is providing impartial technical, commercial and strategic advice within the energy sector. RPS’s remuneration was not in any way contingent on the contents of this report. In the preparation of this document, RPS has maintained, and continues to maintain, a strict independent consultant-client relationship with the Client. Furthermore, the management and employees of RPS have no interest in any of the assets evaluated or related with the analysis carried out as part of this report.
Staff members who prepared this report are professionally qualified with appropriate educational qualifications and levels of experience and expertise to perform the work.
Neither the TSX Venture Exchange nor its Regulation Services Provider (as that term is defined in the policies of the TSX Venture Exchange) accepts responsibility for the adequacy or accuracy of this release. The statements contained in this release that are not historical facts are forward-looking statements, which involve risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from the targeted results. The Company relies upon litigation protection for forward looking statements.
By definition of the COGC Handbook – “Undiscovered resources are those quantities of oil and gas estimated on a given date to be contained in accumulations yet to be discovered.” Further the Handbook states – Caution (per NI 51-101/5.9(2)(v)(B)) – “There is no certainty that any portion of the resources will be discovered. If discovered, there is no certainty that it will be commercially viable to produce any portion of the resources.” In addition, per NI 51-101/5.6 “the estimated values disclosed do not represent fair market value.”
The reader is cautioned that assumptions used in the preparation of any forward-looking information may prove to be incorrect. Events or circumstances may cause actual results to differ materially from those predicted, as a result of numerous known and unknown risks, uncertainties, and other factors, many of which are beyond the control of Taipan. As a result, Taipan cannot guarantee that any forward-looking statement will materialize and the reader is cautioned not to place undue reliance on any forward-looking information. Such information, although considered reasonable by management at the time of preparation, may prove to be incorrect and actual results may differ materially from those anticipated. Forward-looking statements contained in this news release are expressly qualified by this cautionary statement. The forward-looking statements contained in this news release are made as of the date of this news release and Taipan will only update or revise publicly any of the included forward-looking statements as expressly required by Canadian securities law.

THE SECOND MASHUJAA DAY SPEECH BY THE GOVERNOR OF MANDERA COUNTY H.E CAPT. ALI IBRAHIM ROBA ON THE 20TH OF OCTOBER 2014

ASALAAMU ALEIKUM WARAHMATULLAAHI WABARAKATUHU.

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Hon MP for Banisa, Hon MP for Mandera West, Ambassador Mahat, Hon Speaker of Mandera County Assembly, The County Commissioner, Members of the county executive, Members of Mandera County Assembly, COE present both National and local, all other distinguished guests, my beloved people of Mandera County good morning.

Ladies and gentlemen,

Today we are here to remember and celebrate our fallen heroes who fought for the independence of our nation. Our heroes are the freedom fighters, the heroes who fought for the multiparty democracy, the writers of the new constitution, I salute all those who voted for this new constitution and in so doing liberated the people of Northeastern Kenya from 50 years of marginalization. I salute you all for your great efforts for our nation. Our Shujaa of the moment is the new constitution and our true heroes are the Kenyan public that voted for this constitution.

Our heroes are:- our Elders, Religious leaders who are tirelessly involved in guarding our culture, religion and way of life; students studying under difficult circumstances and yet striving to gain knowledge, our teachers managing large class sizes in remote areas;
Our health workers who despite limited resources have continued to save lives. Our heroes are you who care for the less fortunate and orphans, our pastoralists who endure the difficulties to keep our way of life going great, our farmers who make sure our path to self-reliance is kept on course, our traders who keep the wheels of economic recovery rolling. Our mashujaa are you our mothers and fathers who have kept the factories of turning out future generations going, with resilience that is second to none under our very difficult circumstances. Finally to our security forces for their selfless provision of security to the public, most particularly our own KPR, you have made us proud and you are truly our heroes.

I would like to also salute our politicians both at the County and National levels as well as our civil service work force who keep both levels of government working and delivering services to our people.

Brothers and sisters

Once again we have gone back to the mad circles of tribal clashes in our county and lost many lives over the last three months. I am extremely saddened by the re-occurrence of this madness and promise you once more that we will deal with this problem for the greater good of our people. I am happy to report that the national government has given us tremendous support to deal with this problem and all our security forces have gone into action to manage the situation.

I would like to share our message of condolences with the families of the victims of tribal violence and appeal to all clans to exercise restraint and give this structured peace process led by Hon Kaparo the chairman of National Cohesion and integration Commission and Hon Senator Yusuf Haji. I am happy to report that more than ever before there are real signs of commitment from both communities to the peace process ongoing in the county. We will not leave any stone unturned to manage our challenges and reconcile our communities.

Brothers and sisters

Today we are faced with very serious crises. It is crises that strike at the very heart and soul and threatens the spirit of our existence as a county. Indeed we are marking this year’s Mashujaa day celebrations against the backdrop of increased terror incidents that are threatening our vision for the devolvement of our county. The threats to our lives and the targeted attacks of our offices and revenue toll stations are all unfortunate acts of cowards who are threatened by our success. There is no amount of threat and unfortunate attacks that will be enough to steer us off our course, in fact, I see great reason for intense vigilance by our population and exertion and none whatsoever for panic or despair.

We must refuse to believe that these recent attacks could only have been done by our traditional perceived and usual suspects. We have to thoroughly investigate these incidents with all possibilities investigated. As one of our outstanding historical figures once said “when a great democracy is destroyed, it will not because of enemies from without but rather because of enemies from within”. There is no enemy from without that will succeed without the help of locals from Mandera.
Over the last one year the police station was attacked twice, the administration police was attacked three times, all the five attacks with resultant fatalities. Our security officers have been attacked with twelve fatalities; the power station was also attacked with two similar attacks on the county government offices. The revenue toll stations were not spared either, the stations were attacked three times with IEDs and now an attack happened targeting my life and the lives of our security officers. Not a single case has been investigated to conclusion. It is our own system that is failing us and exposing us to such levels of risk. What are the roles of our investigation officers? Is it that they can’t or they are not willing to do their job? We cannot blame the national government anymore because all the help we have asked for we have been given .If individuals given the responsibility to manage our security are not doing their job in this county thoroughly by investigating all the cases with the zeal and commitment to protect our nation, then they will have no place in this county. We have asked for additional officers to help us investigate cases and we have been given and we cannot ask for more, they must now do their jobs. It is not about Mandera alone, it is about our nation’s protection that is at stake as a result of our failures to do our jobs diligently as required.

Brothers and sisters,

Amid all the above security challenges, within the first year of devolution, we have managed to turn around virtually all sectors as follows;
We have operationalized all our health facilities fully and tripled the work force. This is in addition to providing ambulances with an ICU medevac capability.
We have responded to two drought seasons without ten cents of external help and at no cost to the general public. As drought intervention measure, we constructed five new dams, desilted ten and drilled over 20 boreholes across the county. In the Agricultural sector, we have revived three irrigation schemes and provided farm subsidies to all our farmers and further managed to convince them to return back to their farms. In addition, we have Purchased 4 new tractors, distributed over 100 water pumps, Constructed water canals for irrigation, operationalized three demonstration farms and commissioned several studies aimed at reviving agriculture in the county. In order to improve our road network, we have constructed 550KMs of dirt road to all whether murram road built over 40 drifts in areas previously considered impassable. We have further commissioned 24.5KMs of our fist ever tarmac road in Mandera town whose construction is ongoing. This made possible only by devolution.
The county assembly, county headquarters, governor’s residence, Moi stadium and the first county five star hotel are all at advanced stage of construction. In the first one year, we have institutionalized and operationalized our County government fully and successfully managed to construct offices for the new institution of County Government. In order to boost business sector in the county, we have constructed new markets and rehabilitated the existing ones. In the livestock sector which is the backbone of our economy, construction is currently ongoing for a world class regional livestock market. Among many other projects that have been undertaken in the first year of devolution in this sector is also the vaccination of thousands of livestock in the county. In addition, we carried out training of women in yoghurt production, a skill that is greatly helping them support themselves and their families as well.
In the same sector, we have Institutionalized bee farming and distributed bee hives to bee keepers around the county.
In the education sector, we have recruited 400 ECD teachers, employed quality assurance officers and most importantly issued mock examinations in order to be able to familiarize our students with the national examination. The mock examination is also one way of bench marking within the county and nationally. In the current financial year we will be releasing over 300 developmental projects across the county. This is only possible with devolution. Basically we have absorbed 100% of our development expenditure.

Brother and sisters,

Clearly, there is no amount of attack or scare that will be enough to stop us from realizing our development targets. We have done it during the first year of devolution amid all the challenges; rest assured we will do it even better during this second year of devolution.

Brothers and sisters,

I would like to thank you immensely for respecting the ceasefire agreement between our communities for the last three weeks. It will be important if we can make an effort to comprehend and replace that violence, that bloodshed across our county with compassion and love. Finally, let’s tolerate each other, love each other and control our emotions. Death and destruction of your brothers and sisters lives and properties will never be a solution to our communities’ challenges.

Finally to all our students sitting for KCSE and KCPE Exams this year, we wish you success and the best of luck in your exams. I know you will make us proud. Please stay away from the shameful act of exam cheating.

Asanteni na Mungu awabariki.

Women reclaim ownership of peace in Mandera county (hodhan Ibrahim and Ubah Abdi Gedi)

Mandera women have pledged to unite the warring Degodia and Garre clans. The women, under the stewardship of Mandera Governor Ali Roba’s wife, Hodhan Ibrahim, have resolved to set up a committee with five members from each community. A two-day peace meeting was concluded in Mandera yesterday where it was also agreed women will lead in peace caravans.

The meeting was chaired by Hodhan and attended by women executives committee members, MCAs, county chief officers, Maendeleo ya Wanawake Organisation members, former politicians, directors of various NGOs in Mandera, youth representatives and businesswomen. The meeting was meant to call for a long-lasting solution to “the unresolved” inter-clan conflict that they said is a setback to development. The participants resolved that a committee comprising of influential women and religious leaders will visit Rhamu constituency to mobilise their communities before a visit by the Peace caravan.

Rhamu is one of the areas that was worst affected by the inter-clan fighting in August that left more than 31 people dead and dozens of houses torched. It was also agreed that a team led by Hodhan will meet with Wajir and Mandera politicians to strengthen the peace initiative. During the meeting, Hodhan urged residents to help in the peace restoration as they risk lagging behind in development should the conflict persist. “Let us vow to forget the past and forge ahead for unity,” she said.

Mandera MYWO chairperson Ubah Gedi urged women to participate in the development of their county reminding them of their 30 per cent share of the budget allocation. The perennial conflicts between the Garre and Degodia clans in Mandera and Wajir counties have been attributed to political and historical border disputes. Some 75,000 people have been left homeless and scores killed, according to Kenya Red Cross Society, following the recent attacks.

The resolve by the county women to engage in this peace initiative project will supplement government and county leaders’ efforts to stope inter-clan disputes.

Clan Federalism: The Worst option for Statebuiling in Somalia

By Mohamoud Ulusow

The debate among Somalis over clan federalism (clan segregation) hasn’t produced common understanding and consensus for final bargain because it takes place in vacuum, outside formal democratic process. The federal government has shirked from its leadership responsibility to organize and lead national debate on federalism for legislation as set forth in the provisional constitution.

For the iniquitous role of clan state units in the Somali politics and development, tensions are growing everywhere. Somaliland is in military offensive; Puntland and Galmudug states are in high alert for war over Galkaio airports; Sub clan Wa-esle (Wacaysle) of Abgal came out strongly against Mudug and Galgudud State; Kismaio and Baidoa reconciliation conferences collapsed on the eve of Marehan clan conference in Garbaharey (Gedo).

Statebuilding process is meant to restore Somali sovereignty by fusing the political, military, and economic powers dispersed in different clans. The Somali Constitution prescribes that Somali territory and sovereignty is inviolable and indivisible. It prohibits the claim of sovereignty by a person or group of public for self-interests. National power should be exercised in accordance with rule of law and through institutions, the foundation for human progress. Many renowned former Somali political leaders, religious leaders, traditional leaders, and intellectuals have explained the inherent danger of clan federalism in Somalia.

Clan federalism is far worse than the current 4.5 clans’ power-sharing, former military dictatorship, former clan-based rebel movements and the rule of militant group, Al Shabab. It devalues patriotism and citizenship, venerates clan identity, and multiplies number of minorities and human rights violations in every district. It emboldens neighboring countries with territorial ambition. Cartoonist Amin Amir highlights this point in the Cartoon. This threat could inspire popular support for nationalistic movements including Islamic rule in Somalia.

Somalia is blessed with all qualities – common language, religion, culture – for democratic decentralized unitary system of governance. The challenge is to demonstrate that common goods from Somali identity outweigh clan identity’s benefits and how to deal with the misuse of clan identity for violence, punishment, discrimination, injustices, division, and abuse of political power. Like any crime, these offenses and sins could be confronted with legitimate means.

In contrast, many Scholars have identified and documented complex problems and conflicts associated with clan based federalism. These problems include (a) the impossibility of making clan and administrative boundaries congruent, (b) tension between majorities and minorities clans in districts, (c) exacerbation of the plight of minorities, (d) solidification of clan cleavages on political, institutional and territorial basis, and reproducible permanent clan identity for creating differences in society (e) Revenge for the abuse of a kin by others, (f) impossibility to develop countrywide civic citizenship, (g) clan mobilization for secession after successful formation of group identity and cohesion, leadership, government, parliament, and armed forces, and external support, (h) difficulty of countrywide mobility of citizens, (i) turning constitutional conflicts into clan conflicts. These problems and others like contest between big and small states, handling of foreign affairs, regulation of domestic and foreign trade, are good indicators for the failure of clan federalism.

Ethiopia, the United Nations, and European Union have shaped the federal member states in South Central Somalia, while the Federal Parliamentary Committee and the Independent five members Commission on Constitutional Review are yet to start their tasks. An interview with VOA, Chairman of the Parliamentary committee Hon. Mariam Arif Qassim has appealed to the Somali people to effectively take ownership of the constitutional review process. But, the Federal Parliament and the Attorney General have yet to publish for public engagement the official final version of the Provisional Constitution after the postponement or amendment of certain articles.

The Chairman suggested that at least six issues need public debate and decision: 1. Definition of federalism; 2. The roles of the president and prime minister; 3. Taxation Power and National Resource Sharing; 4. Right to Citizenship; 5. Power allocation between federal government and federal member states; 6. The status of Mogadishu, the capital under federal system based on clan hegemony. The above undefined issues challenge the legitimacy of existing federal government and shaped regional states.

The absence of genuine inter-Somali negotiation on Statebuilding mission has prevented the opportunity to show how clan federalism cannot guarantee the realization of the Bill of Rights and the five constitutional principles for federalism under article 50. Among them include verification of public confidence and support to various levels of government, delivery of similar levels of services and support from the federal government to every part of the country, fair distribution of resources, allocation of powers and responsibilities to the most effective level of government.

Sometimes the Somali discourse over clan federalism veers to the assertion that clan X (region X) supports federalism while clan Y (region Y) opposes it. For example, one supporter argues that Hawiye clan opposes federalism while Darod clan supports it. Rationally, this perception must have triggered the imperative to halt the implementation of federation process until common consensus is forged. It didn’t happen. Without attempting to disprove the supporter’s argument, a general observation of the current social manifestations on the issue indicate the following tendencies:

1.The positions of majority of Ogaden (Darod), Gadabuursi (Gudabiirsi) and Isse (Dir), unclear;

2.Majority of Isaq (Dir) want secession from South Somalia (Ex Italian Somalia);

3. Majority of Digil and Mirifle (DM) want confederation between DM and the rest of Somalis but oppose clan federalism and secession of Isaq;

4.Majority of Minority groups (0.5) oppose clan federalism, confederation, and secession;

5.Majority of Hawiye oppose clan federalism, secession of Isaq (Dir), and DM confederation but support constitutionally decentralized unitary system;

6.Majority of Majerteen (Darod) support clan federalism but oppose secession of Isaq (Dir) and DM confederation;

7.Majority of Marehan (Darod) oppose clan federalism, confederation, and secession but support decentralized unitary system;

8.Majority of Dhulbahante and Warsangeli (Darod) oppose clan federalism, DM confederation, and secession of Isaq (Dir) and support 4.5 power sharing;

I hope others will investigate further this general observation. However, the truth is that Somalia deserves neither federal nor decentralized unitary system of government if the majority of citizens is not striving to make sure the quick rebuilding of Somalia in which patriotism, rule of law, social justice, fairness, and equality prevail.

The glaring contradictions in the provisional constitution have sullied federalism in Somalia. For example, article 142 legitimizes the existence and privileges of anonymous federal member states which are parallel to and independent from the federal government established on the basis of 4.5 clan formula. Then, articles 48 and 49 entrust the federal government to create Federal member states, and finally article 54 denies the existence of federal member states and establishes the exclusive powers of federal government. More unusual, the federal government has been constrained from raising necessary financial resources within its declared components (stakeholders) – Puntland and South Central Somalia- to fulfill its functions. The inclusion of these contradictions in the constitution was a deliberate plan to subvert Statebuilding in Somalia.

Clan federalism sows conflicts and disintegration. Somalia cannot stomach Ethiopia’s ethnic federalism implemented and maintained through security committees and technical controllers from the authoritarian central government. The Somali people yearn for individual liberty, responsibility, and solidarity. Somalia’s future lies in hierarchically decentralized unitary system of governance that upholds Somali identity and unity, and ensures rule of law, democratic political process, and respect of human rights, justice, fairness, and shared prosperity.

Mohamud M Uluso mohamuduluso@gmail.com+