Somalia asks UN court to set maritime boundary

New of the World
Monday, September 1, 2014

THE HAGUE, Netherlands — Somalia has asked the United Nations’ highest court to determine the maritime boundary it shares in the Indian Ocean with east African neighbor Kenya.

Somalia filed the case Thursday with the International Court of Justice, contending that both countries recognize its jurisdiction to settle the disputed border.

Somalia’s application to the court says the two countries “disagree about the location of the maritime boundary in the area where their maritime entitlements overlap” and says diplomatic efforts have failed to broker an agreement.

Rulings by the Hague-based court, the U.N.’s highest judicial organ, are final and binding

Lenku castigate Mandera leaders for fueling fightings that has left 31 people dead

Interior Cabinet Secretary Joseph Ole Lenku has castigated leaders in Mandera County for not quelling the perennial inter-clan fighting in Rhamu. Over the past few weeks at least 31 people have died and 43 others injured in the fighting between the Garre and Degodia communities. “We are very disappointment with the situation in Mandera….We still see the ugly head of inter clan fighting between those two communities.” “Here we know that it is a clan versus a clan, they know each other, they know there clans, they have lived together.” said Ole Lenku. The Interior secretary, who was speaking during the launch of the Biometric Voter Registration of all public servants, was quick to clarify that the government had not taken a lot of time to respond to the insecurity in the north as compared to that of Mpeketoni. “I can confirm to you that we have helicopters there and the presence of senior officers as well. The leaders themselves have the capacity to stop the ethnic clashes. So to imply that we have not given it the necessary attention is wrong.” “As much as we have so many police officers, if citizens do not collaborate and support the work of security services it is very hard to bring peace.” Added Ole Lenku Fresh ethnic clashes occurred this past weekend where several houses were burnt down and more than 300 villagers have fled the clashes-hit areas and are camping at government buildings. Last week the Kenya Red Cross temporarily suspended their operations in Rhamu after one of their ambulances was attacked in the ongoing fighting that left one operator wounded.

URP to punish county reps for backing referendum

DEPUTY President William Ruto’s URP is cracking the whip on defiant MCAs and targeting governors who have sided with Cord’s push for a referendum.

URP has summoned eight of the 10 nominated MCAs of the Bomet County Assembly in a move seen as a way of limiting support for Governor Isaac Rutto.

Rutto, who chairs the Council of Governors, has insisted that he will push on with the plebiscite, but added that his TNA counterparts can act as they see fit.

“Our colleagues are free to pull out of the referendum, but we are pushing on for the issues that we raised. The referendum is not personal, but about protecting devolution and the county government agenda. The issues we are pushing for amendment in the constitution are pertinent,” Rutto said.

The eight have been summoned to appear before the Working Committee of the National Executive Council of the United Republican Party on September 3 to explain four allegations leveled against them.

In one of the letters seen by the Star, dated August 25 and signed by the party’s secretary general Fred Muteti, the eight are set to clarify four allegations, one of which includes advancing and advocating policies against the party manifesto.

They have also been accused of advancing and supporting the polices of another party, failing to safeguard and defend the party and its policies and showing disrespect to party unity on top of campaigning against it.

Two MCAs, Wilsion Keter and Hellen Chepkirui, both representing persons with disabilities, have, however, been spared.

Nancy Chekirui, Bency Too, Beatrice Too, Aurelia Rono, Patrick Chepkwony, Rose Boiyon, Josphine Rotich and Hellen Taplilei yesterday confirmed receiving the letters.

“The party is considering taking disciplinary action against you on allegations under Article 30 of the constitution and is by this summons giving you an opportunity to give your explanations and clarifications to the committee prior to any disciplinary action being taken,” the letter read in part.

Speaking to the Star, Muteti warned that “no stone will be left unturned” to ensure discipline, saying the directive to close ranks applies to all URP members who do not toe the party line.

“As I said before, the party position is very clear. We we are not supporting a referendum and any of our members who violate that position will be disciplined according to laid-down party procedures,” he told the Star yesterday.

“When I say all members, I mean both elected and nominated, including governors. No one is above the law. When you violate the law, know that you have no place in URP. We have just started with Bomet MCAs. We will cast the net wider and next will be the governors,” he said.

TNA governors pulled out of the push for the referendum and their counterparts in URP have been under pressure to bolt.

Apart from Rutto in South Rift, his Kericho counterpart Paul Chepkwony has come out to say he is still supporting the referendum, while those from the North Rift have gone to ground.

Last Sunday, Elgeiyo Marakwet Senator Kipchumba Murkomen and nominated Senator Beatrice Elachi warned that action would be taken against governors who defy the Jubilee position.

One of the Bomet MCAs, who spoke on condition of anonymity for fear of reprisal, indicated that the allegations were baseless and intended to intimidate and frustrate them.

“We do not know the real intentions because we have never at any point gone against the demands of the party and campaigned for other parties, as claimed,” said the MCA

Abu Shaahid does the Ice Bucket Challenge

My Other Challenge!!!

STEP UP FOR AFRICA SPONSORED WALK 18TH OCTOBER 2014 (23 miles Walk, 7 Hrs to cover)

GENCAD is an International Charity working with pastoralists’ communities in the Horn of Africa to overcome extreme poverty. The charity strives to empower the most vulnerable and needy to become agents of their own development.

GENCAD’s main directors and staff are or have been residents of Northern Kenya, giving the organization a level of expertise and in-depth local experience that is uncommon in regional or international NGO’s. Currently our main project activities are in Mandera County, in the North Eastern region of Kenya.

GENCAD’s activities have been funded exclusively through fundraising activities by volunteers, members and the Board of trustees.

“Education is the passport to the future, for tomorrow belongs to those who prepare for it today” Malcolm X.

The above statement by Malcolm X confirms our firm belief that education is the single most powerful way to lift people out of poverty. This is especially the case if you live in the remote Mandera County which is situated in the Northern region of Kenya about 1136km from the Kenya Capital Nairobi. In Mandera 9 out of 10 people in the county live below the poverty line.

Education provisions just like other social services sectors are awfully inadequate. Although due to poor quality of education provisions both girls and boys are affected, the situation is worse for girls. This is because when parents due to poverty are forced to make tough decisions, due to cultural factors boys are often given the chance to pursue education at the expense of girls.

According to the local education authority data, still 6 out of 10 girls in Mandera are out of school. Orphaned girls from poor families are most affected. Girls as young as 12 years old work to contribute to family income, forcing them to drop out of school. Others take on caring roles to assist their mothers. This impact on their performance.

In order to reduce the gender gap, we are running a pilot project targeting 100 orphan girls. The project is running an after-school remedial lessons in Maths and English, provide essential personal hygiene products such as sanitary pads, uniform, solar lantern for use at home to reduce financial burden on the girls’ families and mentoring to build their confidence. The project activities includes working closely with the schools to monitor regularly the girls’ progress at school and providing training for school management committees and teachers, and improving the school infrastructure.
We are confident that this project will improve the educational achievement and attainment of the 100 orphaned girls at the end of their primary education. We plan to award the girls who successfully complete primary education with secondary school scholarships and we hope these girls will continue with higher education and improve their job prospects.
The funds raised will go towards paying the school fees of girls from extremely poor families in the province, including many who are orphans and from single-parent families

Together we can provide a real and meaningful change for orphaned girls. Get involved and share the joy with us.

For more information on Generation for Change and Development (GENCAD) please visit our website:

http://www.gencad.org

Your could also visit our project page on GlobalGiving UK

http://www.globalgiving.co.uk/15559

Cord Must Be Clear On Plebiscite Issues

Hon Dennis Waweru is Dagoretti South MP

There’s an old ditty whose essence is to caution the young ones against making miscalculated moves on offers made by third parties. It tells the story of a young lady of Niger who smiled as she rode on a tiger but when they came back from the ride, the lady was inside the tiger’s belly and the smile was on the face of the tiger. She did not know what she was signing up to. She couldn’t anticipate the fate that befell her on the way. The offer to ride on a tiger was too tempting to let go. Over the weekend, Cord principals Raila Odinga, Moses Wetang’ula and Kalonzo Musyoka took to different parts of the country to launch their Okoa Kenya referendum signature campaign. Under the law, those who wish to amend the 2010 constitution under “popular initiative” of Article 257 must collect at least one million signatures of registered voters. Article 257 (1) to (12) prescribes the manner in which this process is to flow. Of concern at the moment is the process leading to the collection of the signatures. Article 257(2) says the popular initiative may be in the form of a general suggestion or a formulated draft bill. Clause (3) states if the initiative is in the form of a general suggestion, the promoters of the popular initiative shall formulate it into a draft bill. Thereafter the promoters shall deliver the draft bill and the supporting signatures to the Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission. And here’s the rub. Since the promoters of Okoa Kenya have not yet formulated a draft bill, we must assume they are still at the “general suggestion” stage. The constitution does not expressly say at what point the draft bill shall be formulated from the general suggestion. From the order of the clauses however, it seems to suggest it must certainly be before the signatures are delivered to the IEBC. Some people may argue that this would rob this approach the identity of a general suggestion approach. But this cannot be the case because the “general suggestion” would have formed part of the process of drafting the bill, which Article 257(3) provides for. The general suggestion would be a stage—Cord leaders have ‘threatened” about the suggestions in rallies, funerals and now weddings. And even if the argument were to go the other way; that the draft bill comes after collection of signatures, the original philosophy behind my first argument would still be valid; that the intent of drafters was that those supporting it know exactly what it is all about. Those formulating the general suggestion must make clear to the electorate what the issues are and how they propose to solve them. The people signing up to the proposed referendum are by virtue of the law, legal entities, who can be held responsible for their initiative. There should be little difference of content and philosophy between the general suggestion and the draft bill. The general suggestion should not be vague or ambiguous. It should not mislead the electorate or implant in them false hopes, in the same way as the bill. This is a matter of public trust. Those who sign up to the referendum must be aware of what they are signing up for. It is also a matter whose legitimacy and legality can easily be challenged on the account of the issues raised above. The responsibility lies on the part of the promoters of the initiative to ensure their intentions are crystal clear. They must offer specifics on how they intend to achieve the promise they are offering. One cannot sign on the basis of such a vague statement as “to boost security, increase revenues to counties, bring electoral reforms, open up government procurement and appointments and shore up the powers of constitutional commissions”. Imagine a situation where the draft bill eventually proposes, God forbid, to guillotine IEBC commissioners in a public square as part of “bringing electoral reforms”. Those who signed up would have enjoined themselves in a criminal enterprise. They would be the first casualties of their criminal intent. Cord and Okoa Kenya leaders should do themselves a favour, and by extension their supporters, by properly articulating their intentions. By choosing to remain vague, they are opening the process to a lot of political and legal challenges. They are also putting Kenyans, some of whom may want to support their initiative, in a huge dilemma. Finally, Kenyans should remember the ditty I talked about. The wise do not commit themselves to what is not clear in their minds. Cord leadership has taken Kenyans on a ride many times before. In 2005, Kenyans rode on Orange tiger but when the ride was over, only ODM luminaries were smiling. Kenyans had to shed more blood to attain what they could have easily attained in 2005. Kenyans, the tiger is now back inviting you for a ride. Before you sign up, take caution. Demand full disclosure. Better still, decline the offer in kind.

Under President Uhuru, The War Against Corruption Is Lost

Koigi wa Wamwere.
“Where there is no vision, the people perish.” – Proverbs 29-18. To avoid death, the vision of Kenya must be to develop from third, to first world.

To realise the vision of development, however, there are obstacles: Negative ethnicity, which is second to corruption.The vision of developing Kenya from poverty must go hand in hand with the vision of eradicating negative ethnicity because a house at war with itself cannot stand and an economy perpetually robbed cannot grow. Indeed, elimination of negative ethnicity and eradication of corruption are a prerequisite of developing the country.

Just as a robber cannot steal without arming oneself with some weapon, the corrupt arm themselves with leadership, office, influence and power to rob government and country.

Just as robbing national resources requires power, checkmating corruption requires greater power, influence and leadership that only president has.

Without presidential power, corruption cannot be stopped because people with lesser power than the corrupt cannot stop them from stealing. Corruption is only stopped where presidential or highest power is applied against corruption.

However much the nation might wish to be rid of corruption, where presidential power is not applied against corruption, war against graft is lost. To paraphrase Malcolm X that power only respects greater power, the power of the corrupt only respects greater power of integrity. In Kenya, because power of the president has not been applied against corruption, graft has won the war with integrity.

If the president agrees to pit his power against corruption and integrity wins the war against graft, credit will be his. But if the president refuses to pit his great power against corruption and graft wins the war, blame will be his too.

In Kenya, the war against corruption is lost already and the people to blame are Presidents Kenyatta, Moi, Kibaki and now Uhuru. We blame old presidents for old corruption and blame President Uhuru for ongoing corruption of the last two years and some graft of the Kanu and Kibaki regimes he was part of and whose rule he approved of.

Under President Uhuru as under the other presidents, corruption has been all pervasive. Government loses more than 337 billions every year. Controller and Auditor General cited CDF and Office of the President for corruption of billions. Kenya Police has been ranked third most corrupt in the world and Kenyan corporate corruption has been ranked number one in the world.

Recently, President Uhuru was hailed for denouncing land-grabbing in Lamu, but that has been taken back when CS of Land Ministry Charity Ngilu exonerated old land-grabbing because it was government sanctioned. In her view, only ongoing and government unapproved land-grabbing should be stopped. President Uhuru should have rebuked this exoneration of corruption but he did not, probably in his own defence. Failure to rebuke defence of corruption was compounded by President Uhuru’s denial of corruption in the Standard Railway project and paying money to Anglo Leasing project.

The genesis of Uhuru’s weakness in fighting corruption could be connected to President Kenyatta’s regime, to which Uhuru is inexorably linked by lineage of blood, economy and politics. Unfortunately for Uhuru, President Kenyatta planted the roots of corruption when he permitted civil servants to engage in business while still in government. When people complained, Kenyatta replied: “My bird hide. If you are caught, you are not mine.” Kenyatta also castigated Bildad Kaggia for not enriching himself as a leader.

Apart from Kenyatta lineage, there are other reasons why the war against corruption will not be won by President Uhuru.

Verbally, Uhuru condemns corruption but he is a disciple of capitalism that is the mother of corruption.

Though he condemns corruption, Uhuru has not combated the evil with the power of example as Presidents General Murtala Mohammed, Thomas Sankara and Julius Nyerere almost decimated corruption in their countries with the power of example.

Personally, Uhuru has not championed the war against corruption by dealing a death blow to anyone corrupt in his office, government or party.

President Uhuru has not stated anywhere that his desired legacy is elimination of corruption or eradication of negative ethnicity.

Whether we like it or not, to a large extent President Uhuru will be judged by characters of his personal friends, political comrades, advisers, business companions, defenders and even enemies. If any of Uhuru’s associates are corrupt, he too will look corrupt.

Like his father, Uhuru has not banned civil servants from doing business while in government, an activity that can only be corrupt.

President Uhuru has not disassociated himself with the notion that the president or governor also owns government, country or county to eat with friends and family members.

All people Uhuru has put into government have no reputation of being warriors against corruption.

Despite corruption being a culture that should be uprooted, Uhuru has not championed the culture of integrity to take its place.

And because negative ethnicity and graft are allies, Uhuru cannot fight graft without fighting negative ethnicity, which is the bedrock of Kenyan politics. If Uhuru embraces negative ethnicity, he cannot be an enemy of corruption.

And as negative ethnicity, corruption and poverty will determine the fate of Kenya, and five years of Uhuru Presidency, without fighting graft it will be too long a respite for them. President Uhuru must fight graft or openly tell Kenyans they are on their own.

Raila takes Cord’s referendum campaign to Eastleigh

Cord brigade took their referendum campaigns to Eastleigh in Nairobi urging Kenyans that the referendum will save devolution,which the coalition says is under threat.

Cord Principal Raila Odinga said the referendum will ensure ethnic inclusivity and ensure that all Kenyans are treated equally.

“We want ethnic inclusivity, we want all Kenyans to be the same. We need equality,” said Raila.

Machakos senator Johnstone Muthama said if Cord wins the referendum the coalition will immediately call for elections to remove the Jubliee government from power.

Suna East MP Junet Mohammed echoed the same sentiments when he said in swahili: “manataka tuendelea na serikal kama hiyo” ( Do you want to continue with the same government?”

Cord now claims they have collected 800,000 signatures. The coalition needs at least one million signatures and support of 24 county assemblies to push a people driven referendum.

As Cord was campaigning in Eastleigh President Uhuru Kenyatta and his Deputy William Ruto told Kenyans not to support the referendum calls.

Education ministry sets school hours between 8am to 3.30 pm, outlaws 6am morning classes and preps

The official school hours for all public and private day Primary and Secondary schools has now been set to be 8.00 am to 3.30 pm class hours and 3.30 pm to 4.45 pm for games and clubs the Ministry of Education has announced.

These are among the provisions in The Basic Education Regulations, 2014, that the Ministry of Education has drafted for discussion and adoption to kickoff the Basic Education Act, 2013.

Education Stakeholders held a workshop at the Kenya Institute of Curriculum Development (KICD) to deliberate on the proposed rules and regulations. The discussion was chaired by the Acting Education Secretary, Leah Rotich.

The rules provides that students should be allowed between 5.00pm to 9.30 pm to carry out self-directed activities as opposed to loads of homework.

The ministry also propose that the period between 9.30 pm to 6.00 am be used for rest.

The period between 6.00 am to 8.00 am just before the commencement of official class work has been earmarked for supervised routine activities.

The rules on official school hours are aimed at enabling learners to play, and curtail confining them to class work all day long, the ministry said.

“It is also meant to ensure teachers use official teaching hours to teach, instead of malingering only to take up time students need to play or direct their own learning activities, to teach off hours and demand that parents pay for the extra tuition they are providing outside official teaching hours,” the ministry said in a statement.

To ensure proper utilization of the official class work which is between 8.00am and 3.30 pm, the rules out laws learners to wake earlier than 6.00 am in boarding schools.

It also outlaws day primary and secondary schools forcing learners to report to school earlier than 7.15 am.

It makes reporting hour to a boarding institution for learners in to be 6.30 pm subject to proven travelling challenges.

In attendance included the officials of the Kenya National Union of Teachers (KNUT), their Kenya Union of Post Primary Teachers (KUPPET), Association of Private Schools, senior Ministry of Education officials among others.

Kenya needs more Nigerian Brass

A few weeks ago, the Kenyan government announced that South Africans who travel to Kenya or transit through Nairobi would have to apply for and obtain travel visas from the facility in Pretoria, South Africa, and they would no longer be issued these on arrival in Kenya.

A few days later, this was apparently postponed, but the latest communication this is that it will indeed take effect from September 1, 2014.

The move by Kenya comes about six months after the South African High Commission shifted processing of visas for Kenyans in Nairobi to a third-party company. The move also meant that Kenyans would have to pay visa fees of about Sh10,000 ($120). Previously, visas used to be free for Kenyans visiting South Africa for short business trips like conferences.

The South Africans have since tried to clarify that there’s still no charge for the visa obtained in Nairobi, but that the fee is for the company they tasked with processing applications. This is not much comfort as going to an embassy is already an expensive process.

READ: MURUNGA: Isn’t it only fair that Kenya imposed new visa rules on South Africans?

READ: Tougher visa rules for South Africa

READ: South Africa’s new visa rules spark outcry

In addition to taking expensive pictures and paying for taxis to a secure, remote, posh part of Nairobi where Africans are not allowed to use cell phones, some countries also insist on reviewing only original documents — not printouts — and lengthy financial statements that some banks provide at a cost of Sh1000 per page.

INDIGNITIES OF TRAVEL

The move by Kenya got various reactions. Some South African columnists complained about the retaliatory move by Kenya. Some Kenyans and South Africans lamented that the “anti-business” move by Kenya would see fewer visitors from South Africa and less intra-Africa tourism, trade and investment for Kenya from South Africa, at a time when better regional relations are a core part of the Africa Rising narrative .

Yet some Kenyans cheered it as a tit-for-tat response to South Africans who also make transit passengers flying through Johannesburg and on to other parts of southern Africa go through similarly burdensome processes.

Kenya does allow nationals of about 20 other African countries to travel to Nairobi and obtain visas on arrival, so it does seem retaliatory; but I’m one of the Kenyans who are happy with the move. I’m happy that our diplomats have shown some brass marbles in reaction to some outright unbalanced and unnecessary hostility.

It’s been a tough few years for Kenyans, from having to face up to stiffer travel challenges to India’s recent requirement that visitors from Kenya obtain polio vaccines and travel with proof of being polio-free. Yet yellow fever and polio are things that most adult Kenyans have rarely had to think about until they perused an embassy website.

For the most part, we’ve accepted the increased indignities of travel and borne them, but it’s also important to become like Nigerians and show some brass.

Nigeria has had a peculiar diplomatic tiff with South Africa. While the genesis of this may have to do with the race to be Africa’ largest economy, it continues to simmer. When South Africa deports Nigerians, Nigeria refuses entry to South Africans who have visas.

MEASURE OF PRIDE

Also, it’s been said that South African passports are processed rather slowly before their holders are granted passage to Nigeria, and at a much slower rate than the passports of other African.
Reported by: Bankelele
Nigeria is like that, not just with South Africa, but also with other countries. When Britain sounds a travel alert against Nigeria, Nigerians talk back about doing the same to Britons.

When Kenya deported some Nigerians last year, the Kenyan plane and crew were held for a lengthy period of time before top diplomats intervened to get them back.

While Nigerians are perceived to suffer for carrying their green passports through airports that may flag them as potential drug traffickers or con artists, there’s also a measure of pride that comes with knowing that your country has your back.

On a trip to Europe a few years ago, I happened to be next to a young Nigerian man in the queue at the Amsterdam airport passport control.

We both got called up at about the same time to different passport booths, and as I nervously shuffled through my papers in anticipation of being asked for my conference invite, hotel reservation, proof of insurance, visa, and return ticket, my Nigerian brother slapped his passport down on the desk and loudly said, “I’m going to Greece for business.” He got in.

That’s Nigerian Brass for you, and Kenya needs more of that.